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Pillar 3 Disclosure

Canyon Capital Advisors (Europe) Ltd Pillar 3 Disclosure

Disclosure Policy

The Capital Requirements Directive IV (“CRD IV”) is an EU legislative package that establishes a revised prudential framework in the European Union governing the amount and nature of regulatory capital that credit institutions and investment firms must hold and maintain. The CRD IV package is comprised of the Capital Requirements Directive (2013/36/EU) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (EU No 575/2013) and implements the Basel III rules on capital standards.

In the United Kingdom, the directive was implemented through changes to the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) Handbook of Rules and Guidance, and specifically through the creation of the General Prudential Sourcebook (“GENPRU”) and the Prudential Sourcebook for Banks, Building Societies and Investment Firms (“BIPRU”).

The CRD IV framework consists of three pillars:

  • Pillar 1 – sets out the minimum capital requirements for the investment manager;
  • Pillar 2 – deals with the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (“ICAAP”) undertaken by the Firm to assess the adequacy of capital held in relation to its material risks; and
  • Pillar 3 – requires the Firm to publicly

Disclosure policy

The Pillar 3 disclosure of Canyon Capital Advisors (Europe) Ltd (“Canyon” or the “Firm”) is set out below. The regulatory aim of the disclosure is to improve market discipline.

Canyon makes Pillar 3 disclosures annually, via its website. The information contained in this disclosure is accurate as at 31st December 2021. It has not been audited by Canyon’s external auditors and does not constitute any form of financial statement.

Certain information relating to BIPRU 11.5 may be omitted on the basis that it has been deemed to be immaterial or proprietary/confidential. The Firm regards information as material in the disclosure if its omission or misstatement could change or influence the assessment or decision of a user relying on that information for the purpose of making economic decisions. The Firm regards information as proprietary/confidential if sharing that information with the public would undermine its competitive position. Proprietary/confidential information may include information on products or systems which, if shared with competitors, would render the Firm’s investments therein less valuable. Further, the Firm must regard information as confidential if there are obligations to customers or other counterparty relationships binding the Firm to confidentiality.

Background to the Firm

The Firm is authorised and regulated by the FCA and as such is subject to minimum regulatory capital requirements. The Firm is categorised by the FCA, for capital purposes, as a BIPRU firm. It is an investment management firm and has no trading book exposures.

The Firm reports on a solo basis and is not required to prepare consolidated reporting for prudential purposes.

Capital Resources Requirement

Pillar 1 – Minimum Capital Requirements

As a BIPRU firm, Canyon has adopted the standardised approach for the Pillar 1 regulatory capital calculation of credit risk. The Firm is not subject to Pillar 1 operational risk requirements under BIPRU

6. The Pillar 1 capital requirement for a BIPRU firm is calculated as the higher of the:

  • Fixed Overheads Requirement (“FOR”); and
  • the sum of market and credit risk requirements or
  • the base capital requirement of €50,000.

The Firm has deemed the sum of market and credit risk requirements to be the higher of the three considerations above, this is therefore used for the Pillar 1 calculation.

As Canyon does not deal as a principal and holds no current assets in foreign currencies other than sterling, the Firm’s non-trading book market risk requirement is the Foreign Currency Position Risk Requirement for which the Firm multiplies the sum of the absolute values of its ‘open currency position’ by 8%.

Pillar 2 – ICAAP

The Firm’s ICAAP includes an assessment of the design and performance of the internal controls in place to mitigate risks, the probability of the risk occurring, the potential financial and reputational impact, and the adequacy of the Firm’s capital base.

The ICAAP is the process through which Canyon determines that it is able to identify and manage its key risks on an on-going basis and ensure that it has sufficient capital in respect of such risks. The process is forward looking and is an integral part of the management of the Firm. The Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”) is responsible for the ICAAP within Canyon and consulted with the Firm’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and other appropriate members of staff to ensure the accuracy of his findings.

The Firm’s senior management formally reviews and approves a finalised ICAAP document on at least an annual basis (or more frequently if there are material changes to the Firm’s business model and risk exposures). The senior management, as part of its review of the ICAAP, sets the Firm’s risk appetite, validates that the Firm’s key material risks have been considered and assessed, and validates the stress testing scenarios.

Capital Resources

The main features of the Firm’s Capital Resources are as follows:

Capital Item£’000s
Tier 1 capital less innovative tier 1 capital11,162
Tier 2 capital
Tier 3 capital
Total capital resources, net of deductions11,162

Risk Management Objectives and Policies

Due to the nature, size and complexity of the Firm, Canyon does not have an independent risk management function. Senior management is responsible for the management of risk within the Firm and their individual responsibilities are clearly defined. Senior management report to the Firm’s governing body on a frequent basis regarding the risks. Canyon has clearly documented policies and procedures, which are designed to minimise risks to the Firm and all staff are required to confirm that they have read and understood them.

Canyon undertakes an ICAAP at least annually, which is the process through which Canyon determines that it is able to identify and manage its key risks on an on-going basis and that it has sufficient capital in respect of such risks. The process is forward looking and is an integral part of the management of the Firm.

Following the completion of the ICAAP, the Firm has concluded that its Tier 1 capital is sufficient to cover its Pillar 1 and Pillar 2 requirements.


Canyon must comply with the BIPRU Remuneration Code (“the Code”). The purpose of the Code is to ensure that firms have risk focused remuneration policies, which are consistent with and promote effective risk management and do not expose themselves to excessive risk. The Firm has reviewed all existing employment contracts to ensure they comply with the Code.

Senior management are responsible for setting the Remuneration Policy Statement for all staff and the Compliance Officer is a member of the senior management team. No external consultants have been engaged on remuneration matters.

The Code can be applied in a proportionate way and the FCA have stated that it will normally be appropriate to disapply certain rules. As such senior management has determined that the following rules are not proportionate to Canyon and have not implemented these detailed rules:

  • SYSC 19C.3.44 – Ratios between fixed and variable components of total remuneration;
  • SYSC 19C.3.47 – Retained shares or other instruments;
  • SYSC 19C.3.49 – Deferral; and
  • SYSC 19C.3.51 – Performance adjustment

Variable remuneration is not based solely on the financial performance of the individual. Senior management also considered the individuals overall (non-financial) performance to the whole team and the overall results of the fund/firm. The performance of the individual is assessed over the entire year.

Due to the small number of its Remuneration Code Staff, and therefore to address concerns over the disclosure of personal data, in compliance with requirements under the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the Firm has determined not to disclose remuneration data.

Todd Lemkin

Partner, Portfolio Manager

Todd Lemkin is an Investment Partner and Chief Investment Officer of Canyon Capital Advisors. Mr. Lemkin joined Canyon in 2003 and is responsible for the efforts of CCA’s portfolio team to develop, analyze, and implement investment ideas across the firm’s global platform. Mr. Lemkin has extensive investment expertise across the cable, media, telecom, satellite, industrials, real estate, gaming, and packaging sectors. Prior to this role, Mr. Lemkin focused on Canyon’s European investment effort and the firm’s London office. Prior to joining Canyon, Mr. Lemkin worked at Scoggin Capital Management, where he focused on analyzing securities of distressed and bankrupt companies. Mr. Lemkin was also an Investment Banker in the Healthcare Group of Banc of America Securities and the Mergers & Acquisitions Group of Lehman Brothers. Mr. Lemkin is a member of the Board of Governors of Cedar Sinai Hospital as well as a Director of Atlas Crest Investment Corp. (“ACII”). Mr. Lemkin is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley (B.A., English).

Sam Reid

Partner, Portfolio Manager

Sam Reid is an Investment Partner at Canyon. Mr. Reid joined Canyon in 2008 and is a Portfolio Manager for River Canyon funds. Prior to this role, Mr. Reid was Head Debt Trader for Canyon’s investments across the firm’s global platform. Prior to joining Canyon, Mr. Reid worked at JPMorgan Chase as a sell-side High Yield Credit trader, where he traded CDS and high yield bonds in both a market making and proprietary trading capacity. Mr. Reid is a graduate of Georgetown University (dual B.S., International Business and Finance). Mr. Reid is a CFA® charterholder.



Mr. Rizkalla is a Senior Vice President within the Investment team at Canyon. Mr. Rizkalla joined Canyon in 2022 and is a Portfolio Manager for River Canyon funds and primarily focuses on structured products including asset-backed securities, residential mortgage-backed securities, and commercial mortgage-backed securities. Prior to joining Canyon, Mr. Rizkalla worked at Thornburg Investment Management, where he invested in a variety of structured products. Previously, Mr. Rizkalla worked at J.P. Morgan as an investment banker in the Structured Products Group. Mr. Rizkalla is a graduate of Seattle Pacific University (B.A., Accounting). Mr. Rizkalla is a CFA® charter holder.

Mitch Julis

Co-Founder, Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Mitch Julis is Co-Founder, Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer of Canyon Partners, LLC. Mr. Julis is a graduate of the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs (B.A., magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa), Harvard Law School (J.D., magna cum laude) and Harvard Business School (M.B.A., honors).  He received an honorary doctorate from Yeshiva University of New York in 2011.  Prior to forming Canyon, Mr. Julis directed a group of professionals responsible for a portfolio of distressed and special situation securities at Drexel Burnham Lambert.  Prior to working at Drexel, he was a bankruptcy and creditors’ rights attorney at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz in New York.  Mr. Julis has authored a number of articles published in law journals and other periodicals on the subject of bankruptcy, distressed credits and special situation investing.

In 2014, Mr. Julis, along with Co-Founder Josh Friedman, received Institutional Investor’s “Lifetime Achievement” Award. Mr. Julis serves as a Trustee of the Brown University Corporation, on the Board of Governors at the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs at Brown University, on the Board of Trustees at Yeshiva University and as Trustee Emeritus at the Asia Society.  He previously served on the Board of Trustees at Princeton University.  He is currently a member of the Advisory Council for the Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance at the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs and a member of Princeton’s School of Engineering and Applied Science Leadership Council.  Furthermore, he sits on the Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute Advisory Council and the Lincoln Center Theater Board of Directors. Also noteworthy is his active role in establishing the Harvard Law School Program on Jewish and Israeli Law. In 2019, Mr. Julis received an Honorary Fellowship from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology.

Mr. Julis and his wife, Joleen, reside in Dallas, TX and have 4 children.

Josh Friedman

Co-Founder, Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Josh Friedman is Co-Founder, Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer of Canyon Partners, LLC. Mr. Friedman is a graduate of Harvard College (B.A., summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, Physics), Oxford University (M.A., honors, Politics and Economics, Marshall Scholar), Harvard Business School (M.B.A., Baker Scholar) and Harvard Law School (J.D., Sears Prize, magna cum laude). Prior to forming Canyon, Mr. Friedman was Director of Capital Markets for High Yield and Private Placements at Drexel Burnham Lambert. Prior to working at Drexel, Mr. Friedman worked in the Mergers and Acquisitions Department of Goldman Sachs in New York.

In 2014, Mr. Friedman, along with Co-Founder Mitch Julis, received Institutional Investor’s “Lifetime Achievement” Award. Mr. Friedman is a member of the George W. Bush Presidential Center Executive Advisory Council. Additionally, Mr. Friedman serves on the boards and/or investment committees of a number of endowments and foundations including Harvard Management Company, Harvard Committee on University Resources, California Institute of Technology, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, The Broad Foundation, Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), and the Dallas Museum of Art (DMA). Mr. Friedman previously served on the investment committee of the J. Paul Getty Trust and Board of the Dean’s Advisors for Harvard Business School, as well as the boards of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the UCLA Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, the UCLA Anderson School of Management, The California Science Center, and The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Mr. Friedman and his wife, Beth, live in Dallas, Texas and have three sons. Mr. and Mrs. Friedman co-endowed the Star-Friedman Challenge for Promising Scientific Research at Harvard University and are 2019 recipients of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.

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